Is the earth really spherical !!!!
It is ironic in the twenty-first century that such issues arise, especially after scientists have arrived in space and aerial photographs are sent daily.
But it is okay to get acquainted with the views that were prominent in her time.
Who say that the Earth is superficial
Recently, the belief in the surface of the Earth was confined to groups and isolated individuals, but there were no significant scholars among them.
In 1849, the English writer Samuel Robotham (1816-1885), under his pen name “Parallax”, published a booklet entitled “Zetetic Astronomy”, in which he defended the theory of the Earth’s surface. By publishing the results of several experiments that test the curvature of water in long drainage pits, I followed this booklet with another entitled “The Instability of Modern Astronomy and Its Opposition to the Bible.” A supporter of Samuel, named John Hampden, lost a bet to Alfred Russell Wallace in the famous Bedford River Experiment, which was intended to demonstrate the surfaceness of the Earth.
In 1718 Hampden published a book, The New Handbook of Evangelical Cosmography.
Robotham has also released studies that imply that the effects of disappearing ships on the horizon could be explained by laws of perspective to the human eye.
In 1883, Samuel founded Zetetic Societies in England and New York, where he shipped them thousands of copies of his book “Oil Astronomy”. Challenges published in the New York Daily Graphics offered $ 10,000 to anyone proving that the Earth rotates on an axis.
William Carpenter, a print worker and his native country in Greenwich, England, was a supporter of Robotham and had published a book theoretical astronomy with detection and examination proving that the Earth is not spherical in eight parts since 1864 under the name of General Logic.
He then emigrated to Baltimore, where he published hundreds of proofs of the incorrectness of the sphericity of the Earth in 1885.
He claims: “There are rivers that flow hundreds of miles toward the sea level without dropping by more than a few feet – and it is worth noting that the Nile, which in thousands of miles, drops the water level by a foot. And the level of extension to this limit is somewhat inconsistent with the idea of the curvature of the earth. So it would be reasonable evidence that the Earth is not spherical in shape. ” “If the Earth is spherical, the best that a navigator can take with him when he sails – because this is the most correct in itself – is a miniature spherical model. But doing so is still unknown: using a toy like it as a guide to sailing, the sailor will undoubtedly wreck his ship! This is evidence that the Earth is not round. “
John Jasper, a dark-skinned preacher and former slave, said he gave speeches to larger numbers of people than any Southern cleric of his generation, and echoed his words influenced by his carpenter friend in his famous sermon, “The sun turns and the earth is flat.” More than 250 times and he was always invited to deliver.
In 1887, in the village of Brackport in Monroe County, New York, Flanders argued with two scholars that the Earth was flat for three nights in favor of a spherical Earth. Five residents of the village were chosen as judges, and they voted unanimously that the land was flat in the end. This was recorded by a member of the US Democratic Party in Brookport.
Professor Joseph W. Holden, a former magistrate, has lectured in New Britain on the theory that the Earth is flat at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago. His fame extended to North Carolina, where the biweekly Landmark newspaper in Statsville published at his death in 1900: “We personally hold the doctrine that the Earth is flat in shape and we deeply regret knowing that one of our members has passed away.”
Professor Joseph W. Holden, a former Magistrate, has lectured in New Britain on the theory that the Earth is flat at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago. His fame extended to North Carolina, where the biweekly Landmark newspaper in Statsville published at his death in 1900: “We personally hold the doctrine that the Earth is flat in shape and we deeply regret knowing that one of our members has passed away.”
After the death of Robtham, Lady Elizabeth Blunt established the World Flat Earth Society in 1893 in England and launched a newspaper called The Earth, which was not round, and sold for two pennies only. Another magazine called The Earth came out, which remained from 1901 until 1904.
Elizabeth considered the Bible to be the unaccountable authority over nature and that a person could not be a Christian and believed the earth was round. Among its famous members are: EW Bellinger of the Evangelical Trinity Society, Edward Hewton, Senior Supervisor of Natural Sciences at Trinity College Dublin, as well as the Archbishop. It re-experimented with Robotham, which led to the emergence of some counter-experiments, but interest in it decreased after World War I. This movement contributed to the promotion of the status of many books that argue that the Earth is flat and stable, including David and Rudlow Scott’s “Terra Verma”.
In 1898, while traveling alone around the world, Joshua Slocum met a group of supporters of Flat Earth in Durban, South Africa. Three Purists – the so-called Dutch colonialists of Africa, one of whom was a priest – gave Slocom a pamphlet they edited to prove that the Earth is flat. Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal Republic in Africa supported the same theory by saying about the journey of Joshua Slocum: “You do not mean the rotation of the world, this is impossible! You mean the world. Impossible!”
Whippler called Glenn Foliva, who took over the Catholic Christian Church in 1906, one of the sectors of Pentecost that established an ideal society in (Zion, Illinois), to believe that the Earth was flat in shape from 1915 onwards, and he used to prove his point of view a picture of the coastline of Lake Winnebago located in The state of Wisconsin, which stretches for twelve miles, and this picture is taken at a height of three feet from the surface of the water, and when the balloon (Italy) disappeared during an expedition to the North Pole in 1928 AD, Whippler warned the press around the world that the balloon had gone to the edge of the world, as it offered 5000 dollars For those who prove that the Earth is not flat, according to his conditions, and teaching the belief in the roundness of the Earth was prohibited in Zionist schools, and the message was broadcast on his radio station WCBD.